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  • Get Home Bag
    Assembling a get home bag Something is wrong. You don't know what it is. Your car won't start. No planes over head. No sounds of cars on the highway. Do you have a Get Home Bag? Do you have water? Can you make fire? Having a get home bag is important when you are away […]
  • Make Fire With Vaseline Cotton Ball and Jute Twine
    Vaseline Cotton Ball and Jute Twine Starting a fire is easy with Vaseline soaked cotton balls and some jute twine. In this You Tube video I explain how to use a Vaseline cotton ball as tinder to start a campfire for cooking and keeping warm in survival situations and for camping. Share on Facebook The […]
  • Garden Preparation For Spring
    Garden Preparation Getting a Garden Spot Ready for Spring Prepare a garden spot for spring planting by using some high mil black plastic. The black plastic will screen out the sun light killing any grass under it. Prepping a garden spot can also be done by placing cardboard over the area to be used [Read […]
  • How To Make Char Cloth and Charcoal
    Char Cloth Today I will show you how to make char cloth and charcoal. Some cotton cloth. Some pieces of wood. A small metal tin with one small hole punched in it. Add some fire and you can make char cloth to start a campfire and charcoal for writing on hard surfaces when you [Read […]

Prepper Items You Must Have

Prepper items you must have is a subjective list, but there are many things that all preppers must have to survive. You will have to determine your total needs. No one can do that for you.

We all need food. Warmth in the winter. Shelter. Water and some method of treating sickness and injury. All of these things are necessary to survive. Survival is important. The alternative is unacceptable. I can't speak for you but as for me, I not only want to survive, I want to thrive!

This is not a shopping list of prepper items you have to go out and buy. Many of these prepper items you already have. Some only take your time. Skills are one of those things that only take some of your time. Time to research and read. The knowledge you gain is only the first step. You must put this knowledge to use and practice. Knowledge put into practice, becomes a skill.

Prepper Items You Must Have

There is a necessary order of importance of survival and in turn, prepper items you must have.


Water is, and will always be, the most important prepper item. It is said that you can go 3 days without water and 30 days without food. Of course, these times are only approximate, depending on many factors but, the general idea is non the less true. Water is the most important prep and it must be addressed first.

prepper items-water

Water is used throughout your home or homestead. Drinking, cooking, bathing and washing clothing. All of these functions of water are important for your survival and health. If you haven't already, "GET YOUR WATER PREP'S TAKEN CARE OF!" Prepper items you must have. It's that important. Don't depend on a municipal water supply. Obtain the knowledge and skills of how to make your water safe to drink. All of the water you use doesn't have to be purified. Water used for bathing, washing clothing, or for anything else you will not be consuming, doesn't have to be purified. Water used for drinking, washing dishes and cooking does. Learn how to filter or treat you water supply, to make it drinkable. Use a filter or treat your water with bleach or with calcium hypochlorite it you are planing on using any surface or rain water. If you have a good deep well and some way to pump water, you often do not have to treat the water unless you pump it into an above ground tank.


Keeping a years supply of food stored away is always a good idea. Enough of long term storage food to get you through until the next growing season when hopefully, you can grow enough fresh vegetables to feed your family and have enough left over to store. Enough  to get you through the next winter and into spring.

Garden Tools And Seed

If you have a tractor or garden tiller. Great! I hope you make good use of those tools and already have a garden. Also store a years supply of fuel for that tractor or tiller.


As anyone who gardens will tell you, the learning curve for gardening is very sharp! Some people think all they will have to do is dig a hole and plant the seed. It's not that simple. Preparing the soil for a productive garden is a several year process. You can clear a garden spot and plant vegetables. It will produce some food but it's not likely to be very productive. Also you will need to store some fertilizer or have plenty of chickens. Chicken poop makes a good fertilizer. Chicken is a great source of eggs, meat and protein in general. You will also need some way to preserve all of the bounty you have produced. Canning jars and lids. Salt for curing meats. Smoke house. Root cellar. Any and every way possible to preserve and store food.


A good knife is an asset. Several good knifes is better. Having a good knife with you is necessary for work around a homestead. It will be used numerous times throughout the day. Knifes are an important tool. I refuse to use any good knife for rough cutting. For rough cutting or to lone out, I have numerous cheap knifes. (17 to be exact. I just counted them.)

Know How To Make Fire

You must know how to make fire and cut wood to cook, make hot water to wash laundry and for washing dishes.

prepper items-fire

Those are all year around chores that take wood and the ability to make fire. Lighters are a good thing as are matches. They won't last for ever. Practice you fire making skills with flint and steel, ferrocerium rod and magnifying glass along with char cloth and tinder. You also need saws and a few good axe. You also need a wood heater and the pipe for long term needs. Keeping warm in the winter is third in survival importance.

Mattress Money

Mattress money. Yep, just as it sounds. Years ago, long before there was a bank on every street corner and especially after the depression, people often kept their savings at home. Often under or in their mattress. (I suggest to not keep any money under your mattress. It's one of the first places a criminal looks.) Part of prepping is being prepared for a sudden economic downturn. A severe downturn in the economy would be followed by the banks shutting their doors, cutting off your ability to use the money you thought was yours. Keeping some money around home is a good idea so you can buy any other supply's you may need. During a short term disaster, this money can help get you through. If the disaster is a sudden economic downturn, I suggest to buy everything you want or could trade quickly. In this circumstance, the money you possess will likely become worthless in a day or two.

Antibiotics and Herbal Medicines

Buying Fish antibiotics and learning about herbal medicines and the dosages of both, can save your or the life of someone you love. This goes without saying. It is that important.

Produce Power by Solar

Having a small solar setup and some storage batteries would make life much easier on your family. Charging a batteries for usage in a radio or flashlight would be nice in a disaster. Having a fan running would be good too.

Printed Information

Printed information about the many skills you will need is good. Information about how to charge batteries. Information on how to work on small engines. How to produce drinkable water and many other things you will need to know. You will never remember everything so print out the information you may need.


When disaster strikes, you are on your own. You must be capable of defending yourself. Having guns for home defense is a must. Store plenty of ammunition. Learn how to safely use a firearm. Practice often.

Short Term Disasters

More often used, prepper items needed for a short term or local area disaster, are a little different but some prepper items are the same.

  • You will need to cook and make coffee. I want my coffee in the morning! A camp stove, propain or gas, would be a great asset. When your power goes off for a few hours, it's not that big of a deal. When it's off for a day or two, you will want to have a warm meal.
  • When it's 10 degrees outside, you need some kind of back up heat. For the short term disaster, a kerosene heater is just the ticket. Be sure to store some kerosene.
  • A generator is nice to have when the power is going to be off for more than a few hours. Store enough fuel to get you through a short term disaster.
  • Battery backup system is good for the times the power will be off for several hours. You can run a radio or small low power TV to keep abreast of whats happening in your area.
  • Charging cables for lap top computers, phones and tablets.
  • Portable, self contained charger, like a power bank, for your cell phone will keep you in touch with friends and family.
  • Board games and decks of cards to keep children and yourself occupied.
  • Flashlights. Lots and lots of cheap flashlights. Having light in the darkness is a comfort. It's even more so with children. Buy several 10 packs of the LED flashlights. Don't forget the batteries.


This is by no means a complete list of prepper items you must have.

What else can you think of that you might need?


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Making Char Cloth-Improvise To Survive

Making char cloth, makes starting tender and in turn a fire much easier. No flammable liquids or off putting odors are necessary to start your tinder bundle burning. A simple spark will start char cloth burning. Char cloth is made from a piece of fabric made of linen, cotton or even jute twine.

In the picture below, the upper piece of cloth is under done. The bottom piece is about right. It is difficult to over do char cloth.


making char cloth

Char cloth is made by controlling the amount of oxygen allowed in the presence of the heated cloth. The gases from the cloth burn off leaving the burnt cloth. Think of it like charcoal. It's very similar.

Making Char Cloth

The items needed to make your own char cloth are:

  • Cotton fabric. (Blue jean, tee shirt, underwear or any other old worn out piece of cotton fabric. You can even use cotton balls.)
  • Closable metal can or box. (Most people use a discarded Altoids tin. It provides a good place to keep the char cloth and flint and striker.)
  • Camp fire

Campfire, Cloth and Tin

First, you will need to make a small campfire. If you are camping and making a fire anyway, now would be a good time to make your cloth. No since in letting a good fire go to waste. Next you will need a closable metal tin. You need to make 1 small hole in the top using a drill or hammer and small nail. The idea here is to allow the escape of smoke and flammable gasses from the cloth without having enough oxygen present to allow the cloth to flame up.

making char cloth-tin

Once you have prepared you tin, you will prepare the cloth itself. Using a piece of cotton or linen cloth, cut enough 1 inch squares from it to fill the tin. Next you will load the tin with the cotton cloth. Taking the 1 inch squares of cloth, loosely roll them up and place them in the tin. Do not pack tightly. Close the tin.

making char cloth

making char cloth-rolled cloth

•Most bushcraft, survivalist and preppers prefer to leave enough room in the tin to store a flint and striker, knowing they can make more char cloth as needed.

You want the heat to circulate easily and the smoke and gasses to escape. You can make good char cloth from tee shirt material or better char cloth from blue jean material. Both work well. The thicker blue jean material will hold an ember a little bit longer.

With the tin readied and containing only the rolled cloth, place it into the bed of coals of your campfire, lid and hole side up. Smoke and gasses will began to erupt from the lid hole as it heats up. Leave the tin in the coals until all smoking has stopped. Remove the tin from the fire, leaving it closed until cooled.  At this point, the char cloth is ready for use. Don't become too concerned with the length of time the tin is in the fire. It is difficult to over process char cloth.

Making char cloth is easy. Storing it is even easier. Simply leave it in the tin you made it in. Wrap a piece of cut bicycle tire inter tube around the tin to keep it closed. Making char cloth is that simple and it will be there to help make your next campfire.

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